The Soldier in later Medieval England

Dissemination 09/06 to date

This is a listing of outputs from the project and also related individual outputs generated during the lifetime of the project. We have listed everything in date order, earliest first, and have included information on forthcoming publications, and conference papers to be delivered this year.  In addition, we have noted the projects engagement with Masters level programmes and the media.  We have not listed the soldier profiles produced during the project as these are available via the separate button on the main page.

Online Databases


Muster database (mainly TNA E 101) – 100,000 records
Protections database (mainly TNA C 67 and TNA C 71) – 20,000 records

Team Authored Project Publications

Adrian R. Bell, Adam Chapman, Anne Curry, Andy King and David Simpkin, 'What did you do in the Hundred Years War, Daddy? The Soldier in Later Medieval England', The Historian: The Magazine of the Historical Association (Number 96, Winter 2007), pp.6-13.

Anne Curry, Adrian R. Bell, Andy King, David Simpkin and Adam Chapman, ‘Languages in the Military Profession in later medieval England, in The Anglo-Norman language and its contexts, ed. Richard Ingham (York Medieval Press, Boydell, 2009).

Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry, Andy King and David Simpkin, ‘The Soldier in later medieval England: an online database’, in The Hundred Years War, A wider focus, vol iii., edited by Donald Kagay and Andrew Villalon (Brill, forthcoming, 2010)

Individual Publications related to Project

Adrian R Bell

‘The Fourteenth Century Soldier - more Chaucer's Knight or Medieval Career?' in Mercenaries and Paid Men: The Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages, edited by John France (Brill, 2008), pp. 301-315.

‘Medieval Chroniclers as War Correspondents. A case study from the Hundred Years War’, in Fourteenth Century England, vol. v., edited by Chris Given-Wilson (Boydell, forthcoming, 2010).

Adam Chapman

Adam Chapman ‘Welshmen in the Armies of Edward I’, The Impact of the Edwardian Castles in Wales : Proceedings of a conference held in Bangor 7–9 September 2007 ed. Diane Williams and John Kenyon (Oxford, Oxbow, forthcoming, 2009)

Anne Curry

‘After Agincourt, what next? Henry V and the campaign of 1416’, The Fifteenth Century, vol. VII (2007), pp. 23-51.

‘The military ordinances of Henry V: texts and contexts’, War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles c 1150-1500, ed. C. Given-Wilson, A. Kettle and L. Scales (Woodbridge, 2008), pp. 214-49.

‘Speakers at war in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries’, Parliamentary History, Special issue on the Speakership of the Commons (2009) (in press)

‘Soldiers’ wives in the Hundred Years War’, Soldiers, Nobles and Gentlemen. Essays in honour of Maurice Keen, ed. P. Coss and C. Tyerman (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2009) (in press)
‘Les armées anglaises de la guerre de Cent Ans’, La France et la Grande Bretagne: un couple impossible, ed. J-Ph. Genet (Paris: CNRS, 2010) (in press)

‘Henry V’s Harfleur, 1415-1422’, The Hundred Years War. A Wider Focus, vol. 3, ed. A. Villalon and D. Kagay (Brill, 2010) (in press) This is an extended version in English of a paper published inFrench in 2003, with extra material drawn from the project.

Andy King

Andy King and Michael Penman (ed.), England and Scotland in the Fourteenth-Century: New Perspectives (Woodbridge, 2007).

Andy King, ‘Best of Enemies: Were the Fourteenth-Century Anglo-Scottish Marches a “Frontier Society”?’, in England and Scotland in the Fourteenth-Century: New Perspectives, ed. Andy King and Michael Penman (Woodbridge, 2007).

Andy King and Michael Penman, ‘Introduction: Anglo-Scottish Relations in the Fourteenth Century – An Overview of Recent Research’, in England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives, ed. Andy King and Michael Penman (Woodbridge, 2007).

Andy King, ‘Fortresses and Fashion Statements; Gentry Castles in Fourteenth-Century Northumberland’, Journal of Medieval History xxxiii (2007).

Andy King and A.J. Pollard, ‘“Northumbria” in the Later Middle Ages’, in Northumbria. History and Identity, 547-2000, ed. Robert Colls (Chichester, 2007).

Andy King, Matt Holford and Christian Liddy, ‘North-Eastern England in the Late Middle Ages: Rivers, Boundaries and Identities, 1296-1461’, in Regional Identity in North-East England, 1300-2000, ed. Adrian Green and A.J. Pollard (Woodbridge, 2007).

Andy King and Julia Marvin, ‘A Warning to the Incurious: M.R. James, the Scalacronica and the Anglo-Norman Prose Brut Chronicle’, The Medieval Chronicle V (Amsterdam, 2008).

‘War and Peace: A Knight’s Tale. The Ethics of War in Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica’, in War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, c.1150-1500, ed. Chris Given-Wilson, Ann Kettle and Len Scales (Woodbridge, 2008).

‘Sir William Clifford: Rebellion and Reward in Henry IV’s Affinity’, Fifteenth-Century England - forthcoming.

David Simpkin

‘The Galloway Roll (1300): Its Content, Composition and Value to Military History’, in Historical Research (forthcoming, 2009)

The English Aristocracy at War: From the Welsh Wars of Edward I to the Battle of Bannockburn (Woodbridge, Boydell; 2008)

‘The English Army and the Scottish Campaign of 1310-1311’, in England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives, ed. A. King and M. Penman (Woodbridge, Boydell; 2007),pp.14-39.

Medieval warfare and military technology: An Encyclopedia, ed. Clifford Rogers (Oxford, forthcoming)

The team has individually authored the following entries:
Bell: John of Gaunt
Curry: Henry V; siege of Harfleur; siege of Rouen; France: Sources 1328-1483
King: Prisoners and Ransoms; The Laws of War and the Just Conduct of War.
Simpkin: Bannerets; Restauratio Equorum; The Scrope-Grosvenor Controversy; Recruitment; Distraint of Knighthood; Sir Walter Mauny; Army Organisation; Plunder and Booty.


Bell, ‘Anatomy of a campaign in the Hundred Years War’, Medieval Warfare Study day, National Army Museum, Saturday, 28th October 2006.

Curry, ‘Records of the English Army in the later middle ages’, Conference of British Records Association, Imperial War Museum (December 2006)
(As a result of this talk, the Editor of Archives has invited us to submit a paper on later medieval muster rolls)

Curry, ‘The ports of southern England during the Hundred Years War’, Wessex Centre for History and Archaeology, Winchester 2007

International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds 2007
Sponsor of one session:
‘The Soldier in Later Medieval England’, Session 1227, International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, July 11th 2007
Bell, Soldiers in the Hundred Years War: An Online Database
Simpkin, Retinues and Recruitment in the Armies of Edward I and Edward II
King, The Military Retinues of the Umfravilles, c. 1296-1346

Chapman, ‘A question of leadership? The Welsh Knights of Edward I', PG Symposium, Southampton 2007.

Simpkin, ‘The Soldier in Later Medieval England’, Thirteenth Century England Conference, Gregynog, University of Wales, 12th September 2007

Curry, ‘Les armées anglaises de la Guerre de Cent Ans’, La France et la Grande Bretagne: un lien impossible’, International Conference at the University of Caen (21 September 2007)

Chapman, 'The Welsh in England's Wars, c. 1282-1400' , Senate House, IHR Late Medieval Seminar, February 2008.

Curry, ‘Languages in the Military Profession in the Middle Ages’, Language over time: A symposium on Anglo-Norman in the Context of Medieval French Language Use, Birmingham City University, 19th January 2008
(now accepted for publication)
This paper was also delivered in the World University Network on Multilingualism on 3 Nov. 2008

Curry ‘Speakers at War’, History of Parliament Trust, Westminster Hall, Feb. 2008

Chapman, 'Participation and Leadership: the Welsh at war in the fourteenth century' Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies Seminar at Aberystwyth, March 2008.

43rd International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, 8th-11th May 2008
Curry, Journal of Medieval Military History Lecture, ‘Goddams and Gunpowder. The military revolution in Lancastrian Normandy’. (also delivered to Centre for Celtic Studies, University of Aberystwyth, 2009)
Bell, ‘Soldiers in the Hundred Years War: An Online Database’.
Chapman, ‘Aspects of the Welsh Soldier, 1282-1453’.
Simpkin, ‘New Regime, New Army? Henry IV's First Campaign as King (1400)’.

International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds 2008
Sponsors of three sessions:
Towards a New Military History: Defences and Recruitment in Later Medieval Wales and England
July 7th 2008 including paper:
Chapman, 'First find your Welshman: Problems of identification in Late medieval Armies'.

War, Kindred, and Affinity in the Anglo-Scottish Marches
July 7th 2008 including paper:
King, ‘Recruitment for Service in France in the Northern English Marches’.

Military Organisation in Britain and Northern France during the Reign of Edward III
July 8th 2008 including paper:
Simpkin, ‘The Soldier in Later Medieval England: English Garrison Forces in Northern France, 1369-1377’.

15th Century England Conference, Aberystwyth University, 2008
Chapman, 'Bridging and Building Frontiers: The Welsh in 1415'
King, ‘The Anglo-Scottish Marches and the Perception of “the North” in Late Medieval England’,

Chapman, 'Bare feet and leeks: The Image of the Welsh soldier from the middle ages onwards', Cultures of War Network - day colloquium, Sheffield Hallam 2008.

Simpkin, ‘Keeping the Seas: England’s Admirals, 1369-1389’, Medieval Seas Conference, Rye, Sussex, 18 October 2008.

Bell, ‘The Soldier in Later Medieval England: An online database’, Research Seminar, Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Reading, 26th February 2009.

Curry, ‘Le soldat à la fin du moyen âge’, Université de Paris IV (Sorbonne), seminare d’histoire franco-britannique, 2009 (paper on the project given in French)

Simpkin, ‘Chronicles and Warfare in the Reigns of Edward I and Edward II’, Research Seminar, Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Reading, May 2009

Chapman, co-organiser, Interface, 1st National Symposium for Humanities and Technology, University of Southampton, July 9 – 10, 2009
Bell, Project paper, ‘The Soldier in later medieval England’

The Age of Philippe de Mezieres: Fourteenth Century Piety and Politics between France, Venice and Cyprus’, in Nicosia, Cyprus, June 10-14, on,
Bell, ‘English members of the order of the Passion: their political, diplomatic and military significance’.
Curry, ‘'War or peace? Philippe de Mezieres, Richard II and Anglo-French diplomacy'.

Project conference, England’s Wars 1272 – 1399, ICMA Centre, University of Reading, July 20 -22. Team papers:
Bell, ‘The soldier, 'he riden, no man ferre'’.
Chapman, ‘Rebels, Uchelwyr and Parvenus: Welsh knights in Edwardian Wales’.
Curry, ‘Disciplinary ordinances: an international code?’.
King, ‘Parliament and War; the Military Experience of Knights of the Shire, 1369-1400’.
Simpkin, ‘Total War in the Middle Ages?: The Contribution of Landed Society to the Wars of Edward I and Edward II’.

Simpkin, ‘English Soldiers in France and Gascony during the War of 1294-1297’, 13th-Century England conference at the Sorbonne, Paris, September 2009.

Curry, Keynote, Warfare and Medieval Communities, University of Glasgow, Sept. 2009

Curry, Annual Worshipful Company of Bowyers Annual Lecture, Sept. 2009


Battle of Shrewsbury – work for the visitor centre on participants in the battle. A database of service, as well as biographies of Thomas Percy, earl of Worcester, Sir John Calveley, Sir Hugh Browe, and a representative group of archers.

MA Dissertations

Ben Trowbridge, ‘Edmund of Langley in Portugal’, Graduate Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Reading, 2007-08.

MA Module

‘The Soldier in Later Medieval England’, MA in History, University of Southampton, 2008-9. Taught by Curry and Simpkin.
Several essays drawing on project: Thomas Chaucer; The earl of Stafford’s campaign 1352; criminals in military service.


Newstory in BBC Who do you think you are magazine (April, 2009)


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